The 120mm guns remained the main battery, in two twin mountings, fore and aft, but a later pattern was used, the 1936 or 1937 Ansaldo. In WW2/WW1 they would have been Cruiser classes. Captured by the Germans in September 1943 she became the TA14 in service for the kriegsmarine and would be sunk in September 1944 by an American plane at Salamis. And when speaking of TBs, MAS boats are more often cited. They were renamed Teruel and Huesca and survived both the civil war and WW2, to be deactivated in the 1950s. In one ship, a torpedo mounting was replaced by two 37mm guns. These four destroyers of the Maestrale class (Maestrale, Libeccio, Grecal, Scirocco), and four of the Oriani class (Alfieri, Carducci, Gioberti, Oriani), were derived from the Maestrale, but of larger dimensions, particularly in the width, and a particular care accorded to the transverse masses distributions. It was designed along the lines of the Italian torpedo boats of that time, but due to its size and speed of 34.5 knots, the class is considered a light destroyer, or destroyer escort. In 1939-40, their 13.2 mm Breda machine gun mounts were replaced by five 20mm cannons, and two Deep-charges. WW2 Italian Destroyers Italy (1916-43) About 60 ships. WW2 section contains two splendid stories of the US and German ‘Heavy Armor’ — T29 Heavy Tank and Jagdtiger. The Regia Marina classified yet another group of ships (Capitani Romani class) as "exploratori oceanici"—ocean scouts. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Apart of the WW1-era destroyers reclassified as TBs, those we are talking about are 1930s to 1940s TBs, namely the 600 tons Spica class (1934) of 30 ships, the Pegaso class of 840 tons (1936, 1575 tons fully loaded, well beyond the Washington treaty limits) four ships, and wartime Ciclone class (1942, 16x 910 tons ships) and smaller Ariete class (1943, 16x 745 tons ships). Their armament was identical except for the 120 mm guns. They were reclassified as destroyers by 1940. The Semovente da 75/18 and the Semovente da 90/53 are noteworthy tank destroyers used by the Italians during the war. The Aquila were sold to Romania and Spain, the others participated actively in WW2. Pilo class, Audace II, Sirtori, La Masa, Palestro, and Generali classes all participated in WW2. They also spent much of their time escorting north African convoys, on which duties they were all lost before the Italian surrender. In addition, Turbine had one triple torpedo tube mounting replaced by a 37mm gun. Otherwise, their main role was convoy protection. , At the start of Italy's war, the four ships formed the 7th Squadron based at Taranto and they were at the Battle of Calabria. Therefore these Italian WW2 torpedo boats should be seen more as “light destroyers”, a bit like the escort destroyers that will be built en masse by the US Navy and Japan. In 1941, they received between 6 and 12 AA 20 mm cannons, 4 additional ASW mortars, and for some, a 120 mm flare cannon. The fourth, Grecale, joined the Allies, was involved in actions against the Germans and survived into long post-war Italian service. One ship, Oriani, survived to serve with the Allies and was subsequently transferred to France and renamed D'Estaing. The 4 Folgore (Baleno, Fumine, Lampo, Folgore), launched in 1931 and completed the following year, were virtually identical to the Freccia, except that their width was further reduced to reach a greater speed, to the detriment of autonomy (less space for oil tanks), while even aggravating the defects of Freccia and instability. , Four Sauro class destroyers were commissioned in 1926/27.  As completed, these ships had a single 120 millimetre (4.7 inch) gun, four 533 millimetre (21 inch) torpedo tubes, two 40 millimetre and two 13.2 millimetre guns. Pola, still adrift, was found in the dark by destroyers and sunk by torpedoes from ]ervis and Nubian. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles to be expanded from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Italian_World_War_II_destroyers?oldid=4444131, 120 millimetre (4.7 inch) M1918/19 Pattern (, 120 millimetre (4.7 inch), 50 calibre O.T.O. The operational areas for the Regia Marina (Royal Italian Navy) were expected to be enclosed seas such as the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Solferino was captured at Souda (Crete) in September 1943 and became TA18 in 1944. April 1943. Ordered by the Italian Navy on 31 December 1915, at the same time as the 4 Palestros, but, owing... Poerio class destroyer leaders (1915). 23 June –Italian submarine Torricelli sinks British destroyer HMS Khartoum off Eritrea. In fact the majority of the 77,741 troops landed in Tunisia between November 1942 and May 1943, 52,000 were carried by destroyers with about 700 losses only. The various successful engagements by Italian armored divisions are mainly due to the courage of the tank crews in aggressively engaging a superior force. During the war, old AA artillery was sacrificed and four 20mm Breda twin mounts were added, and two ASW grenade launchers. The original anti-aircraft weaponry, consisting of mixtures of obsolete 40 millimetre Vickers cannon (designed in 1917) and 13.2 machine-guns was clearly inadequate by the start of Italy's war. , All of the class were based at Tobruk, north Africa, and used to lay minefields and run supplies from Italy. Inactive in 1943 in Venice, she was captured by the Germans and was sunk in action in November 1944 under as TA 20 near Zara, by two British destroyers, HMS Wheatland and Avon Vale. The Italians used Thornycroft models built in Italy, of 380 and 450 mm. Italian DDs fought British ships until the fall of 1943. The various successful engagements by Italian armored divisions are mainly due to the courage of the tank crews in aggressively engaging a superior force. They formed the basis for interwar designs. III destined for Italian divisions before the armistice.. These 1913, 760 tons ships were all reclassified as TBs from 1929. Two more 20mm and two depth charge throwers were added. These will partly inspire Italian destroyers after the war. Audace, the first of this name was sunk in 1916. , These ships' service was closely similar to the Freccias. Weaponry was as for the Turbines, except that an improved version of the 120mm gun was installed (Ansaldo 1926 pattern). Vitesse maximale 38 nœuds Armement 4-5 canons de 120 (2×2, 1×1), 12 de 13.2 AA, 6 TLT 533 mm (2×3), 2 mortiers ASM Équipage 206. To balance the Italian threat, the 600-ton La Melpoméne class was a group of 13 French torpedo boats built in 1933. As originally built, the class retained the older anti-aircraft fit of two 40mm and four 13.2mm guns. There are a total of [ 42 ] WW2 Tank Destroyers entries in the Military Factory. Take command of a meticulously reconstructed Fletcher-class destroyer and lead your crew against nazi U … Specifications Displacement: 1675 t. standard -2254 t. Full Load Dimensions 106.7 m long, 10.15 m wide, 3.42 m draft Propulsion: 2 propellers, 2 Parsons turbines, 3 boilers triple exp., 48,000 hp. The Italian Army had suffered heavy losses for only limited gains during World War One and in common with the other combatant nations the Army was drastically reduced in size and influence following the 1918 armistice. These large fleet destroyers were designed and built for one purpose: To counter the heavy French destroyers of the Jaguar-type class leaders. In operations, these destroyers proved their effectiveness, being able to withstand many hits without much damage, but very vulnerable to air attacks, because, as for the other Italian destroyers, they were given an initial too weak AA in comparison with of that of the Germans or allies. They had a lot of different jobs. She survived and was ceded to the Soviet Union in 1946. The Mirabello was sunk by a mine in 1941. The designation "exploratori", meaning "scouts", was originally given to a class of Italian warship that were between the then current destroyers and cruisers, in terms of size and firepower. 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Reveal hidden contents Without venturing into the realm of more modern guided missile warships, the San Giorgio-class would become the most advanced conventional gunship destroyers in the Italian Naval tech tree. In addition, these ships suffered from a lack of stability so grave that they had ballasts added to about 90 tons, curtailing their speed to 30-31 knots. The other main reasons was a clause in the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that ships with a 600 tons and less could be built in unlimited numbers. Italian appreciation of the need for well armored and effective tank destroyers came too late and at a great cost. The first destroyers to be built in Italy after the end of World War I, their design started at the end of the war, but was modified to incorporate some war lessons. April 6 – Mussolini meets with Hitler in Austria. The Soldati comprised 12 ships in the first group, launched 1937-1939 and a second wartime group called Bombardiere, 7 ships launched (with the exception of Carrista) in 1941-42. The obsolete 40mm anti-aircraft guns were finally discontinued, being replaced by extra 13.2mm machine guns; otherwise armament was unchanged. At the time of the Tunisian campaign when allied domination became prevalent (The Battle of Skerki Bank show the loss of 1,500 soldiers in one night) and confidence in trying to defend troop transports led to transport troops directly on destroyers instead. Italian destroyers were to pay a high price for these oversights, but they fought bravely and doggedly. They had been designed to support the Mirabello in 1917, but their construction was long delayed due to lack of resources, and they were all three scuttled in March 1941. In 1942-43, they gave up their rear torpedo tube bank for an additional battery for two 37mm cannons and three 20mm double mounts. All except Carabiniere had a 120mm star shell gun amidships, to help reduce the Italian ships' disadvantage in night actions. The bulk of the actions occured with the more modern ships attached to the vital route between Italy and North Africa. Nov 30, 2020 - Explore a.j. In 1943, the Grecale and Maestrale were cleared of their rear torpedo tube bank, replaced by two 37 mm AA guns. Two survived until the Italian surrender, one (Turbine) was captured by the Germans and renamed TA14. Power went from 36,000 to 40,000 hp, speed maintained to 36 knots. Not only was the weight of armour increased by 24 per cent compared with d'Aosta, now totalling some 2,131 tons, but it was also distributed ih a different manner. In the 1880-90s already, Italy produced a serie of “torpedo cruisers” that were in a sense, precursors of destroyers. Eritrea. 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