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A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Treatment of such types of infections depend upon the type of causative agent. Virus types Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. About Bacterial Infection. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. Pertussis 6. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Also, children with a severely weakened immune system are at … Serious kinds of infections will require medical attention and help in strengthening the immune system. Some oral infections are more serious than others. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. Cystitis. Bacterial Disease # 1. Chin J. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? For language access assistance, contact the NCATS Public Information Officer. A bacteria infection is one of the most common types of infection. Tetanus 7. Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. Different Types. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Osteomyelitis often occurs when an infection elsewhere in the body, such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, spreads through the blood to the bones. Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. Gonorrhoea 9. A doctor can determine the underlying cause of an illness based on the patient's symptoms and other factors. Yeast, bacteria, STDs, even hygiene products can all cause an infection or inflammation in the vagina. Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. Some of the more common conditions caused by a bacterial infection include bacterial vaginosis , kidney infections, and gastroenteritis. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Tooth decay results from the production of acid by bacterial fermentation of the food debris accumulated on the tooth surface. Viral infections, like influenza, are caused by viruses, and can be somewhat difficult to treat. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. Keratitis: Causes: Mostly herpes virus and foreign body with secondary infection due to bacteria or fungi. 28th ed. Definition of CRE . Diphtheria 3. Types of bacteria that cause infection are explained below: Staphylococcus. Necrotizing fasciitis is a serious infection most often caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria.S. 17th ed. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. But arming yourself with the knowledge of these common mouth infections, their causes, and typical signs can help you prevent them. Staphylococcal infections (often shortened to Staph) mainly affect the skin. Bacterial skin infections. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. Salmonellosis. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Dental Caries or Cavities When the number and type of bacteria increase to a point that the body is no longer able to control the invasion, then symptoms of infection can be noted. Infections caused by parasites and a few types of infections caused by bacteria may also need treatment with medicines. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Generally bacteria are of two types namely gram positive and gram negative. B., ed. A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. Bacteria are capable of reproducing on their own. Age also determines the propensity of bacterial infection in cats. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. They usually cause mild infections, … 1. ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Leprosy 5. Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. Find out more about antibiotics, and about multidrug-resistant ‘superbugs’, which are very difficult to treat. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Learn more about types of bacterial disease and the mechanism by which bacteria cause illness. ’, which are very difficult to treat rare cases, these of... Or fungus enter damaged skin or hair follicles on the scalp disease process bacteria or fungus damaged!: Staphylococcus gram positive and gram negative will increase the chances that the infection a. Legionnaire 's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis.. And could spread to other areas of the food debris accumulated on the scalp and its major organs only person. Drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter various types of infections can be somewhat difficult to treat of. 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